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  作文 - 英语作文 - 高中英语作文 - 浏览作文 - 英语写作精讲精练:写作构思训练结语  
英语写作精讲精练:写作构思训练结语
http://www.ksbs.cn  2008/2/25 17:24:03  浏览人次:3266
  写作构思训练:

  From ideas to expressing:

  University should accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject.

  To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  现实生活中总难免会存在不平等的地方,比如男女之间的不平等、老少之间的不平等、上下级之间的不平等。在这里,我想谈一谈男女之间的不平等事宜,具体而言,就是我认为大学里各科目不应该追求男女比例相同的作法,因为这样的做法太走极端,从而忽视了性别之间毕竟存在着差异。

  In real life, it is always hard to avoid inequalities. For example, there are inequality between men and women, young and old, inferior and superior. Right here, I’d like to talk about inequalities between men and women. To be more specific, I argue that universities should not pursue to accept equal numbers of male and female students in every subject because this is an extreme way of doing things, ignoring the actual differences between the two sexes.

  首先,我们应该承认,男女在社会中的角色是有差别的。男性比女性更适合做体力活,而女性则比男性更适合做文秘、护理方面的工作。某些科目其实是有很强的性别要求的。比如航海专业就更适合男性,我们总不能期盼女性在大海上漂泊几个月吧?再比如采矿专业,很明显,女性不太适合在矿井里工作,因为这份工作的危险性及对体力的要求都会比较高。

  First of all, we should acknowledge that men and women have different roles to play in the society. Men can do a better job than women when the work requires a lot of strength. Women, on the other hand, have the edge on men in terms of doing secretarial and nursing work. Some subjects such as ocean navigation and mining are actually sex distinctive. After all, we cannot expect women to be bumping and floating on the sea for months. Nor can we expect women to work under a mine as this job is often filled with danger and has a relatively high requirement for physical strength of the laborers.

  其次,男女比例不一致有利于班级纪律和学习成效。有一项调查发现,当一个班级里男女比例为1:2时,学生的学习热情和效果、班级纪律最佳。这项研究是通过对比各种各样的男女生比例班级状况而进行的,其中包括100%纯男生班级、100%纯女生班级、男女各半班级等等,因此,具有相当的说服力。

  Second, a disproportional rate of male and female students in one class is conducive to class discipline and learning effect. A survey shows that when the rate of males and females in one class is 1:2, the students’ motivation for learning and the actual learning effect as well as the class discipline are the best. This research was made by comparing the situations in various kinds of male-female student ratio classes, including all-boy classes, all-girl classes, 50%-50% male-female classes and, therefore, is rather persuasive.

  当然,为了维护男女平等,很多科目一定要招收同等比例的男女生也没有什么问题,但关键的问题是:这样做对吗?恐怕会形成更大的不平等。举个例子说吧:某个学校的英语专业要招收30名新生,有200人申请,根据入学考试成绩,前30名中有21人是女生,男生只有9人入围,是不是应该把坚持录取15名男生、15名女生呢?那样的话,对6位没被录取的女生来讲公正吗?答案肯定是否定的。

  Sure, it is okay to recruit the same number of male and female students just for the sake of maintaining equality between the two sexes, but the key point is: is it fair? I’m afraid this will lead to greater inequality. For instance: the English department planned to recruit 30 freshmen and it turned out that there were 200 applicants. Based on the entrance test result, among the top 30, 21 were girls while boys accounted for only 9. Does it mean that the university should insist on enrolling 15 girls and 15 boys? If so, is it fair to those six girls who were not accepted? The answer is obvious: No!

  基于以上论证,我们可以看出:坚持招收同比例的学生数目没有道理,因此,是不可取的作法。

  From the foregoing discussion, we can come to the conclusion that accepting the same number of male and female students in every subject does not hold water; therefore, it is totally unadvisable.

所属分类:英语作文 - 高中英语作文   所属专题:  责任编辑:
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